Community health nursing diagnosis
Health promotion - knowledge, meaning and values
SUMMARY: The following two articles the author puts the spotlight on health promotion, disease prevention and the challenges that health services face in their work. Report 16 prescriptions for a Healthier is about what we are sick and what should be done to promote health. The recipe is deceptively simple. We will exercise more, eat less of the unhealthy and stop smoking. The state and the individual who is responsible. Are these the only message and value to be to the people? What thinking can be the basis for the content of the message? Health and preventive health care can be understood under different assumptions, and the author discusses in this article the central values of public health service. Nurse service is the only business that addresses all their efforts towards health promotion and disease prevention. Next article will deal with the home visit as an opportunity in relation to translate thought into action to promote health in a broader perspective.
21. March 2003, Health Minister Dagfinn Hoybraten of Tromso and presented the White Paper 16 (2002-2003) - Prescription for a Healthier public health policy (1). There was surprisingly little new in his presentation. Health conditions in the population is generally good. Society and individuals must take joint responsibility for the attitude and action when it comes to prevention. We need to be more physically active, eat more accurate and not smoking. This is not improper in any way. It's just a bit narrow - it is missing something essential about basic values. Safety Commission work values. A healthier must have a broad and meaningful value basis.
We have a long tradition in our country in relation to the promotion of fundamental values against the community, responsible for the week, take care, solidarity, respect and compassion. We also have the knowledge and capabilities into against it to ensure good conditions in a broad perspective. The challenge today is aimed at several areas. Many are doing well, but lifestyle diseases, infectious diseases and samproblemer contribute to impaired quality of life for many people. Samproblemer linked to people having difficulty succeed in life, relationships and cooperation. -It's about vicious circles between things like employment, housing, lifestyle, economy and education. We see transitions in the health and well being. Alcohol, drugs, crime, unemployment, social networks such as laddering, rootlessness and loneliness are important and serious symptoms may also divorces "(2, p 12).
In the white paper discussed some of the areas, I missed the minister's speech, albeit a bit too superficial. It remains WHO's health definition that is used. That's fine, but there are many who have said and written more extensively on the concept of health. It would be good if the white paper had been a little fuller and gave us some food for thought in terms of what health is. Society and individuals have a clear responsibility when it comes to preventing health problems. This focus where the relationship between people is not mentioned, may be an exaggeration of an already growing individualism and egocentrism. In the white paper section 6, Mental Health, discussed the fact that interpersonal relationships are important to public health. It would easily have been written and talked more about this subject in the message, as I believe this is the core of preventive health care.
This longing for something more profound, fundamental value in preventative health work meant that I wrote about the rise of public health service and home visit's importance of my thesis in nursing science (3). I got me important knowledge and understanding through review of the literature related to nursing and preventive activities. In this article, I want to say something about what is going to be key values in the health service. I will in a later article put her sister back to health home visits to families with children. Home visit is then conceived as an action practice in relation to public health work in which key values are expressed in action. Report 16 differs from the previous messages as I see it in that it is more concerned with binding action. The earlier reports and other literature have contributed with ideas for health promotion, without being bound. It reflected the home visit, so I think it is binding in an action context. It will also have implications in relation to nurse education, because it is a different way of thinking when it comes to public health work.
Nurse service as a business
In the journal Nursing No. 6/2003, the union leader Bente Slaatten wrote a comment titled Nurse - key skills in preventive health care (4). She writes and argues about the importance of further developing and strengthening health education, which I support. The nurses must show why they are a rare profession that must be maintained, rather than replace them with an interdisciplinary education. She refers to many functions and work areas where the public health nurse knowledge and expertise are unique, such as vaccination efforts, health screening, hearing and vision tests, contraceptive counseling, guidance and information about nutrition, growth, physical and mental development.
This includes mainly areas of proposition al knowledge. Health sister has her three-year nursing program as a basis for continuing to nurse. Topics include the nursing program will be elaborated in nurse education. If one considers the areas Slaatten mention individually, there may be other professional groups that have greater expertise in certain areas. The way I see it, we live in relationships, and it is important that a profession has broad knowledge and knowledge of contexts. Nurse course as a continuation of basic nursing care, is composed of propositional knowledge, familiarity knowledge and empirical knowledge. This knowledge is entangled in a context emerges in an interaction. I want a critical review of the fundamental values of public health service and will demonstrate familiarity knowledge and experience knowledge. A three-year on the bottle of juice can act more like a worn-out mother than a lack of knowledge of damage to teeth and general health by excessive sugar intake. Experience shows that the nurse understanding and guidance should be directed at individual, family and situation. Recognition and support must be brought into action, not unilateral devaluation by focusing on what is being done wrong.